The Gin and Tonic is a classic highball cocktail simply made with gin and tonic water served ‘on the rocks’ - poured over ice. It is garnished with a lime wedge traditionally but is also known to have a lemon wedge or cucumber slice added depending on the brand of gin being used or the country in which the drink is being made.
The cocktails history seems to date back to the 1700s and the army of the British East India Company. In India and other such countries where they were stationed malaria was present and easy caught. At the time a medication called quinine was discovered to both prevent and treat malaria and was taken by drinking tonic water. The army officers having to take the drink found it too bitter so added gin and lime, with a little sugar, to the tonic water. The gin and tonic was then born and was continued to be drunk long after tonic water needed to be consumed for its quinine qualities.
Gin bars have become very popular in more recent times and so many variations on the gin and tonic can be found. For example, some add elderflower liqueur and champagne, some sweet vermouth and berries and again some with apricot liqueur and whiskey.
This is the recipe for a simple gin and tonic which, when perfected, can be experimented with:
- Fill a highball glass with ice cubes
- Pour on the gin and tonic water
- Squeeze the lime wedge into the drink then garnish with the wedge
- Highball cocktail glasses