The French 75 cocktail is made from gin, champagne, lemon juice and sugar. It can be traced back to World War 1, though similar variations on the 75 can be seen further back in history. It got its name as the drink itself was said to be so strong that it had the strength of being hit by a French 75mm field gun.
In 1922 variations on the drink were published in two cocktail making books. One by Harry MacElhone and one by Robert Vermeire. The variations included adding grenadine, calvados and absinthe to the mix.
The recipe of the French 75 as we know it now materialised in 1930, written in the Savoy Cocktail book 1927 and this helped popularise the cocktail. It became popular in America soon after started to appear in movies, most notably in the movie Casablanca in 1942.
There is a history of a similar drink going back as far as 1867, Charles Dickens used to offer glasses of gin and champagne to his visitors and there are many accounts of the Prince of Wales and other noblemen drinking similar drinks.
Bringing the French 75 back to our own time, let look at how it’s made:
- 45 ml gin
- 15 ml lemon juice
- 7.5 ml sugar syrup
- Bottle of champagne
- In a cocktail shaker filled with ice add gin, lemon juice and syrup.
- Shake well for 10 seconds.
- Strain into an empty glass and fill with champagne.
- Cocktail shaker
- Cocktail glasses